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 Summary of core components of infection prevention and control programs (IPC)

Category Components Organization of IPC programs

A structure responsible for policies, goals, strategies, legal, technical framework and monitoring.

Existence of qualified dedicated technical staff with defined responsibilities,  scope and functions.

A budget adequate to meet programmed activities. 

Technical guidelines

  • Development, dissemination and implementation of technical evidence-based guidelines for prevention of the relevant risks and/or infections, adapted to local conditions. 

Human resources

  • Training for all health-care personnel in IPC and specialized training of infection control professionals.
  • Adequate staff responsible for IPC activities. Address biological risk and implement preventive measures.


Surveillance of  infections and  assessment of compliance with IPC  practices

  • Established priorities for surveillance of infections and pathogens, standardized case definitions and active methods of surveillance. 
  • Systematic assessment of compliance with IPC practices. Detection of outbreaks and prompt response.
  • Documentation of the situation of HAI and IPC practices.


Microbiology laboratory

  • Standardization of microbiology laboratory techniques.
  • Promotion of the interaction between IPC activities and the microbiology laboratory.
  • Use microbiology data for surveillance and IPC activities. 
  • Establish laboratory biosafety standards. 


HAI, health care-associated infections; 

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